NUK


NUK. Thấu hiểu cuộc sống.

Danh sách các cơ quan hành chính

Từ giấy khai sinh và các quyền lơi trẻ em đến trợ cấp gia đình-bạn cần làm các thủ tục xin thế nào và cần các giấy tờ gì? Tìm ở đây

Chế độ thai sản

Info on maternity leave

Bạn không thể bị bắt làm việc trong 6 tuần cuối cùng của thai kỳ - ngoại trừ việc là bạn muốn thế. Sau khi bạn sinh con, chế độ thai sản vẫn còn tiếp tục cho đến 8 tuần nữa và sẽ được kéo dài đến 12 tuần nếu bạn sinh non hoặc sinh đôi, sinh ba. Sẽ là phạm luật nếu bà mẹ phải đi làm trong thời kỳ được nghỉ sau khi sinh nở.

Việc làm đơn xin chế đọ thai sản cần được đưa cho ngowfi chủ. Để xin chế độ thai sản bạn cần thư của bác sỹ của bạn báo về ngày dự định con bạn sẽ chào đời.

Giấy khai sinh

Info on birth certificate

Luật pháp cho phép bạn có 1 tuần để chọn tên cho con bạn và để đăng ký việc sinh con với cơ quan địa phương. Bạn cũng có thể khai sinh cho con bạn trực tiếp tại bệnh viện.

Bạn cần có giấy chứng sinh từ bệnh viện hoặc nữ hộ sinh, chứng minh nhân dân, giáy đăng ký kết hôn và nếu như cặp đôi bố mẹ không đăng ký kết hôn thì cần giấy kha sinh của mẹ vàvafiasy chứng nhận làm cha.

Trợ cấp nuôi con

Info on family allowance

The Parenting Allowance has replaced the Child-raising Allowance and all parents are entitled to it after the birth of a child. If one of the parents takes a break to look after the child, the allowance is paid for 12 months. Should the other parent also stay at home for 2 months, then it is extended to 14 months – as it generally is with all single parents.

In the case of working parents, the allowance is approx. 67 per cent of the net salary of the parent taking the break –to a maximum of 1,800 euro per month however. But please note: the Parenting Allowance is only paid retrospectively if applied for within the first three months. For this you require an original birth certificate of your child, a certificate from your medical insurance with regard to the payment of Maternity Benefit, a certificate from your employer with regard to a subsidy to the Maternity Benefit after the birth, a tax return statement or salary and wage slips.

To find your local Parenting Allowance Office and other information, go to the website of the Federal Ministry of Family Affairs.

Child benefit

Information on child benefit

Child benefit is available to every parent regardless of their income and must be applied for at the employment office (family or child benefit agency) as soon as possible after your child is born. Child benefit is only paid retrospectively for six months. Child benefit will cease to be paid when your child reaches its 27th birthday at the very latest. It is paid independently of family allowance and parents receive a monthly payment of €184 for the first and second child, €190 for the third child and €215 for each subsequent child. More details are available from the relevant employment office and an application form is available online at www.arbeitsagentur.de

Health insurance

You should organise health insurance for your baby as soon as possible after it is born to ensure that your child is given the best possible protection. Parents can cover their baby under a family health insurance policy with either the mother's or the father's health insurance company. This process a mere formality and your child will be insured at no extra cost. Only private health insurance companies require that a separate contract be signed for your child.

Registry office

You can have your baby entered on your income tax card at the registry office. In addition to the income tax card in question, you will also need your identity card and your child's birth certificate. If you would also like to change your tax class, you should take along your partner's income tax card as well.

Parental leave

Mothers and fathers employed under contract are entitled to parental leave, regardless of whether they work full or part time, whether they are trainees, retrainees, work from home or are undertaking vocational training. Parental leave lasts for up to three years. Both parents are entitled to take parental leave at the same time. This allows you to spend some or all of this time together with your baby. For the mother, parental leave begins at the earliest straight after maternity leave, usually eight weeks after your child is born. Fathers can start their parental leave before the child is born, while the expectant mother is still on maternity leave. The parents are entitled to family allowance and child benefit while on parental leave. Most health insurance and social security policies continue to run free of charge.

Acknowledgement of paternity

The father can acknowledge paternity at any time before and after the baby is born. The only requirement is that the mother agrees. For the acknowledgement of paternity, the registry or youth welfare office will need the identity cards and birth certificates of both parents, as well as the birth certificate of your child.

Custody can also be divided once this step is complete. To do this, non-married couples must make a joint declaration with the youth welfare office or notary.

4 Phases of Life